CEOWORLD magazine - Latest - CEO Advisory - The 5 steps to self-knowledge that all leaders need to know

CEO Advisory

The 5 steps to self-knowledge that all leaders need to know

Ella Zhang

Leadership, often celebrated as the cornerstone of success and progress, is a multifaceted art that transcends the boundaries of hierarchy and authority. In this journey, while knowledge undoubtedly holds its significance, the profound understanding of oneself truly wields the power to inspire, empower, and transform. 

Knowledge, undoubtedly, forms the bedrock upon which leadership is built. A leader armed with an array of expertise and insights gains the capacity to make informed decisions and navigate complex situations to understand market trends, interpersonal dynamics, and emerging technologies. Knowledge does provide a leader with the lens to comprehend the world around them and the tools to manoeuvre within it.

However, knowledge alone is a mere vessel, waiting to be guided by intention and purpose. Without the guiding light of self-awareness, knowledge can fall short of truly unlocking the potential of leadership. Leaders with knowledge but lack self-knowledge may stumble when faced with personal biases, emotional challenges, and ethical dilemmas. The pursuit of knowledge, while essential, can sometimes lead to a sense of intellectual arrogance, which blinds leaders to their limitations and inhibits growth.

The ancient Greek philosopher Socrates is famously attributed with the saying “Know thyself.” This concise yet profound aphorism encapsulates the essence of self-knowledge and its significance. Socrates believed that understanding oneself was the foundation of wisdom.

In Socratic philosophy, knowing oneself was a gateway to understanding the broader world and the nature of reality. Socrates encouraged introspection, questioning, and critically examining one’s beliefs and values. He believed we could uncover our biases, contradictions, and limitations by exploring the depths of our thoughts, emotions, and motivations.


Step 1: Reflection and Self-Questioning

Dedicate time for introspection in your daily routine. Find a quiet and comfortable space to think, write, and reflect without distractions. Ask yourself probing questions like “What truly motivated me?” “What are my core values?” “What gave me energy and joy, and what don’t?” 

Or, keep a journal to record your thoughts, feelings, and insights. Writing can help clarify your thoughts and emotions, making it easier to identify patterns. The more clarity you get on this, the easier you can recognize what drove your action, external validation or your passions.

Step 2: Seeking Feedback

Reach out to trusted friends and colleagues, your ‘qualified advisors’ I’d like to call, asking them for honest feedback about your strengths and areas for improvement. Their insights would give you a different perspective on your actions and how they impacted those around you, illuminating aspects of yourself that you haven’t noticed before.

Step 3: Embracing Vulnerability

Learn to acknowledge your fears, insecurities and limitations without judgment, dropping the masks and facades we often wear to appear strong and put-together. With deep self-awareness, you can recognize and accept your vulnerabilities. Your willingness to allow yourself to be seen, heard, and understood showcases your strength in acknowledging the full spectrum of your emotions and experiences, which enables you to connect with others on a deeper level, personally and professionally.

Step 4: Exploring New Activities

To truly understand yourself, venture into activities you have never tried before. For example, do a painting class, you may discover a hidden artistic talent, or join a hiking club, which may reveal an affinity for nature and adventure. Consciously stepping out of your comfort zone can expose new aspects of your personality and interests that have been dormant for years.

Step 5: Define your core values

Take time to reflect on your life experiences, moments of joy, challenges, and times when you felt most fulfilled. Consider what values were present in those moments and why they were significant to you, or list personal qualities that you admire in yourself and others, or think about people you admire or role models who have inspired you. What values do they embody? The values that resonate with you often align with your core values.

Knowing oneself is not a one-time accomplishment but an ongoing process. The journey within is just as crucial in a world that often appreciates external achievements and expertise. 

Knowledge and self-knowledge are not mutually exclusive; they intersect in a dynamic dance within leadership. While knowledge pertains to external information and expertise, self-knowledge is an introspective journey that delves into one’s psyche, emotions, and values.

When you journey inward to unravel the depths of your being, you gain the ability to lead with authenticity, empathy, and wisdom. So that knowledge becomes a tool, guided by self-awareness, to bring about transformation and inspire those around you. 

As we navigate the intricate landscapes of leadership, let us remember that while knowledge empowers us to navigate the external world, self-knowledge empowers us to navigate our internal world, paving the way for enduring and impactful leadership.

Written by Ella Zhang.
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CEOWORLD magazine - Latest - CEO Advisory - The 5 steps to self-knowledge that all leaders need to know
Ella Zhang
Ella Zhang, author of Upgrade: How to outperform your default self to gain your superpowers, is a strategic change maker, organisational development specialist and coach, who helps business leaders to tap into their inner wisdom to design and fine tune people strategies, form up individual and organisational habits to create value and purpose driven workplaces.

Ella Zhang is an opinion columnist for the CEOWORLD magazine. Connect with her through LinkedIn. For more information, visit the author’s website CLICK HERE.