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Stats Gate

Countries Holding The Most U.S. Debt: Who (and How Much)?

Federal Reserve Building Washington DC

In 2019, the United States national debt currently sits at $21.97 trillion — a big, scary number. The U.S. debt to China is $1.11 trillion as of June 2019. That’s 17.26% of the $6.43 trillion in Treasury bills, notes, and bonds held by foreign countries.

China has the greatest amount of the United States national debt held by a foreign country. Japan comes second at $1.06 trillion. It’s followed by Brazil at $306 billion, the United Kingdom at $300 billion, and Ireland at $269 billion.

The rest of the $21.97 trillion national debt is owned by either the American people or by the U.S. government itself: U.S. Government and Federal Reserve ($8.1 trillion), Mutual funds ($2.06 trillion), Pension funds ($0.92 trillion), Banks ($0.77 trillion), State and local governments ($0.69 trillion), and Other investors ($3.18 trillion). The table below shows major foreign holders of US treasury debt as of June 2019.

  1. China: $1,113 billion
  2. Japan: $1,064 billion
  3. Brazil: $306.7 billion
  4. United Kingdom: $300.8 billion
  5. Ireland: $269.7 billion
  6. Switzerland: $226.9 billion
  7. Luxembourg: $223.7 billion
  8. Cayman Islands: $217.2 billion
  9. Hong Kong: $205.9 billion
  10. Belgium: $179.8 billion
  11. Saudi Arabia: $176.6 billion
  12. Taiwan: $171.1 billion
  13. India: $155.3 billion
  14. Singapore: $139.3 billion
  15. France: $124.5 billion
  16. South Korea: $115.1 billion
  17. Canada: $102.1 billion
  18. Norway: $97.1 billion
  19. Thailand: $82.2 billion
  20. Germany: $72.8 billion
  21. Bermuda: $66.4 billion
  22. United Arab Emirates: $55.7 billion
  23. Mexico: $47.7 billion
  24. Sweden: $46.5 billion
  25. Netherlands: $ 45.0 billion
  26. Italy: $3.7 billion
  27. Spain: $41.0 billion
  28. Kuwait: $40.2 billion
  29. Australia: $39.1 billion
  30. Poland: $37.2 billion
  31. Israel: $36.2 billion
  32. Iraq: $35.4 billion

Others: $555.5 billion

Top 10 Countries Holding The Most U.S. Debt:

Top 10 Countries Holding The Most U.S. Debt


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Anna Papadopoulos
Editor, writer, teacher, consultant. Advocate for plain language, journalism, free speech, and tolerance. Feminist. Based in Sydney, Australia.
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