People have always been obsessed with building such structures that not only last long but also defy the laws of physics. These constructions range from the Hanging Gardens of Babylon to the modern skyscrapers in Dubai that touch the clouds. Building on the water is another bold step by people in their quest to conquer the impossible. Here are some of the most impressive constructions.
- Burj Al Arab, Dubai
Burj Al Arab (Arab Tower) is a luxury hotel in Dubai. It is one of the tallest hotels in the world and the seventh-tallest in the world. Burj Al Arab is located on an artificial island and is connected to the mainland by a private curved bridge. The shape of the structure is designed to look like a ship’s sail. It has a helipad near the roof at a height of 210 meters above the ground.
- The Virgin of the Rocks, Montenegro
The Virgin of the Rocks is one of two islands (the other is St. George -Sveti Đorđe) located in front of the city of Perast, in the Gulf of Kotor, in Montenegro. It is part of the National and Historical-Political Area of Kotor, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. It is an artificial island on which the homonymous church (of the Virgin of the Rocks) is built, while there is a museum and a shop. The church was built in 1632 and ninety years later it was expanded and the dome was built. The building has undergone a series of renovations over the centuries and is now a famous museum.
- Veluwemeer Aqueduct, Netherlands
It is a bridge like no other that connects the country with Flevopolder, also known as the largest artificial island in the world. The aqueduct is 25 meters long and 19 meters wide. It has a depth of 3 meters which allows small yachts to easily pass over the tunnel. About 28,000 vehicles pass by every day and there is a pedestrian crossing equipped for the public to enjoy the view.
- Jal Mahal, India
Jal Mahal Palace is located on Lake Shangar Lake and was the home of the Rajput kings, who were obsessed with architecture. Built-in the 18th century by Maharaja Jai Singh II, the palace covers an area of 121 hectares and is one of the most visited and photographed buildings. Unfortunately for future visitors, the historic palace will be converted into a hotel and will not be accessible to many locals.
- Pampus, Netherlands
Going further south, to the center of the country, the artificial island of Pampus, which was created in the late 19th century and is located near Amsterdam, in IJmeer and belongs to the defensive line of Amsterdam (Stelling van Amsterdam), is remarkable. It is open to the public in April-October. The fortress survived many historical events, such as World War II, when it was looted and abandoned by Amsterdam residents.
- Peberholm, Denmark
The artificial island of Peberholm is located in the Eresund Strait and belongs to Denmark. It was created as part of the dismantling of the Eresund Bridge, which connects Copenhagen with Malm., Sweden. The main reason for the construction of the island was to have a crossroads between the submarine tunnel and the bridge. The tunnel was built to give large ships the opportunity to cross the Eresund without worrying about the height of the bridge. Another reason is that it would cause a problem at Kastrup Airport, which is close to the edge of the bridge.
- Deeg Water Palace, India
Built between Rup Sagar and Gopal Sagar lakes, the palace was built for Jat leaders and designed in the same style as the Mughal, which is unique in Ankara and Delhi. The construction of the palace was completed in 1772. Deeg Water is now open to visitors.
- Ile aux Cygnes, France
Ile aux Cygnes is an artificial island built on the Seine River in Paris in 1827 to protect the Pont de Grenell Bridge. Ile aux Cygnes is full of trees, while a copy of the Statue of Liberty adorns it. The island is crossed by three bridges, the Pont de Bir-Hakeim, the Pont Roulle and the Pont de Grenell.
- Kansai Airport, Japan
Engineers in Japan designed an airport on an artificial island to deal with earthquakes and tsunamis. Three mountains, 10,000 workers and more than 80 ships were needed to build Kansai Airport from 1987 to 1990. It officially opened in 1994 and is still operating without any problems to date.
- Venetian Islands, USA
They are located in Miami and are a collection of artificial islands that have existed since the 1920s. The area now hosts over 13,000 inhabitants and consists of beautiful buildings and trees that do not testify that the whole ground is artificial.
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