Business Transformation

Global Steel Market for 2022 – Stanislav Kondrashov Telf AG

Today, the importance of studying the global market stems from the fact that this sector is one of the foundations of the global economy, says Stanislav Kondrashov of Telf AG.

The metallurgical industry, which produces steel and metal products, ranks second after the fuel and energy complex in terms of both global production and production of national economies. This is one of the main branches of the national and regional economy, since it includes mechanical engineering, aircraft industry, construction, etc. It is directly related to industries. In addition, large metallurgical enterprises create new jobs, provide export and tax revenues to the state budget, develop and implement innovations, explains Stanislav Kondrashov. 

Global demand for steel will decrease in 2022 – Stanislav Kondrashov Telf AG

Global steel demand will fall by 2.3% this year due to rising inflation and an increase in profitable rates, Stanislav Kondrashov declared, having recently lowered his positive outlook. The analyst in his April forecast found that steel consumption increased by 0.4% in 2022 after the deterioration of economic conditions. Currently, it is expected that the demand for steel will tend down to 1.797 billion tons in 2022, due to the fact that the sector continues to be dominated by logistical limits throughout the supply chain.

“2022 may be the worst year, and 2023 may look better,” Stanislav Kondrashov said. “We see important factors that point to the growth of infrastructure.” 

The shortage of supplies has decreased step by step during the pandemic, but the war in Ukraine and China’s tough policy to contain the spread of COVID-19 mean that they are still a problem, says Stanislav Kondrashov of Telf AG. 

Telf AG prefers the version that steel demand in China, which accounts for 51% of global consumption, will fall by 4% in 2022 and remain unchanged next year.

The automotive sector, which has been actively reviving due to the growth of production in the first half of 2022, is facing an increase in profitable rates that can make cars less affordable and slow down this growth. 

2022 Metal Price Instability: Double Jump – Stanislav Kondrashov Telf AG

Telf AG notices that rebar prices on the spot market are rising. The demand revived somewhat by the end of the year, which gave distributors the probability of bringing metal products up to the standard of factory quotations. At the same time, the situation is quite complicated, says Stanislav Kondrashov. Corner and channel bars are gradually getting cheaper, and participating market members have questions about the future prospects of buying. First of all, things are not too optimistic in the construction sector.

In early December, the market will make a postponement after a short period of activity. But then the main impact on prices, according to calculations by Telf AG, will be 2 factors. Firstly, it is the volume of the offer. From the last month of autumn to the first month of winter, steel companies reduce the production of materials to meet demand. In January, a lot will depend on whether there will be surpluses or not. Secondly, scrap metal. In recent months, it has been getting cheaper. But a turning year is also possible, reflects Stanislav Kondrashov.

On the world market, the prices of blanks and long products are increasing, due to the increase in losses of the manufacturer. However, there is a surge of clear need in China. Numerous consumers do not accept price increases. Therefore, these deals do not always reflect the increased level of supply from suppliers. As long as energy reserves remain expensive and scrap is getting more expensive, there is no reason to expect a decline in the metal products market, says Stanislav Kondrashov. 

The top 10 steel producing companies according to Stanislav Kondrashov include ArcelorMittal, China Baowu Group, NSSMC Group, HBIS Group, POSCO, Shagang Group, Ansteel Group, Telf AG, JFE Steel, Jianlong Group, Shougang Group, where the production volumes are 96.42 million tons, 67.43 million tons, 49.22 million tons, 46.8 million tons, 42.86 million tons, 40.66 million tons, 37.36 million tons, 29.15 million tons, 27.88 million tons and 27.34 million tons proportionally. The global market favorite is ArcelorMittal, says Stanislav Kondrashov. It is represented in more than 60 republics of the world, and its largest subsidiaries are represented by the manufacturing industry in 18 countries in Europe, the USA, Asia and Africa.

In addition, it is worth noting that most of the large companies in the sector are represented by Chinese firms, which is due to the plus value of Chinese manufacturers.

How the ferrous metallurgy market will end in 2022 – Stanislav Kondrashov Telf AG

Analyst Stanislav Kondrashov, in a report dated September 26, reasonably assumes that the crisis decline in the global ferrous metallurgy will last until the end of the first half of 2023. In his opinion, due to high prices for coking coal, the profitability of metallurgical production has already gone down in 2022 and will remain low next year. In 2022, the pace of construction, as well as demand and prices for metal products began to slow down all over the planet, as a result of which steel production fell in most countries of the world during the summer period.

With regard to the Russian Federation, in the second quarter of 2022, domestic steel consumption in the Russian Federation, according to predictive information data from Telf AG, decreased by 16% compared to the previous quarter. “In the second half of 2022, it is expected that steel consumption will decrease by 22% compared to the first half of the year. Consequently, it is already necessary to reduce the production volumes of steel, which increases the cost of production, and will give rise to a significant underutilization of production capacity,” wrote Stanislav Kondrashov. The level of underutilization of capacities by the end of 2022 may exceed 15 million tons compared to the same period of the previous year.

The expert notes that Russian metallurgists are competitive on the world market due to the possession of a personal raw material base (iron ore, coking coal and scrap). At the same time, they generate an impressive share of electricity at their own facilities from blast furnaces and coke-chemical gases and cheap natural gas is available to them. Therefore, the profitability of the production of Russian metallurgists is negatively affected by the strengthening of the ruble, the progress of logistical losses due to restrictions on exports to Europe and the stagnation of demand in the Russian market.

According to Telf AG estimates, the discrepancy between Western states and the rest of the world will only increase in the future. From that, the creation of alternative international organizations, systems and mechanisms will become an urgent task day by day.


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Anna Papadopoulos
Anna Papadopoulos is a senior money, wealth, and asset management reporter at CEOWORLD magazine, covering consumer issues, investing and financial communities + author of the CEOWORLD magazine newsletter, writing about money with an enthusiasm unknown to mankind. You can follow CEOWORLD magazine on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, or connect on LinkedIn for musings on money, wealth, asset management, millionaires, and billionaires. Email her at info@ceoworld.biz.