For more than a decade, it has been the top consumer choice on smartphones, as it incorporates unique design and innovative features. Apple’s iPhone first came into our lives as a term in January 2007 by Steve Jobs. The list below includes the history of Apple’s famous devices and its significant evolution over the years.
- iPhone 2G (1st generation)
The device with which “Apple reinvented the phone”, as Jobs himself pointed out, was first introduced at the Macworld Conference & Expo on January 9, 2007 in California. According to Apple’s flagship CEO, the iPhone was a combination of three devices: an iPod touch-screen widescreen, a revolutionary mobile phone and a revolutionary Internet access system. In total, more than 6.1 million pieces were sold, measuring 115 mm (height), 61 mm (width) and 11.6 mm (depth), while weighing 135 grams. Its operating system was the iPhone OS 1 (iOS 1) with the latest upgrade to the iPhone OS 3.1.3 and it was released, initially in 4 and 8 GB versions, while in February 2008 came the 16 GB version. Its screen was 3.5 inches, with a resolution of 320×480 pixels and had a 2 MP camera on the back and a speaker. Initially, the device was to be released with a plastic screen, but in tests performed by Jobs himself, he found that when he had it in his pocket, it was easily scratched by his keys. So, six weeks before the official release, he changed the design and decided to install a glass screen. Internally, the iPhone was powered by a 412 MHz RISC ARM 1176JZ (F) -S processor, 128 MB RAM and a PowerVR MBX Lite 3D graphics processor, the battery was a Li-ion 1400 mAh, and it received a Mini-SIM.
- iPhone 3G
The second generation of the original iPhone, which revolutionized 2007, was unveiled on June 9, 2008 at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference in San Francisco, United States. In its official presentation, it was described as “the first phone that managed to win the iPhone”, while in many places, internally, it was similar to its predecessor. Significant differences (and innovations) were found in the support of GPS and 3G data, while the device was launched with the functional iPhone OS2 (latest update iOS 4.2.1). The processor was the same as its predecessor, the memory was 128 MB of RAM and it was available in 8 and 16 GB versions. The screen was 3.5 inches with a resolution of 320×480 px, dimensions 115.5 x 62.1 x 12.3 mm and the camera had a resolution of 2 MP. Unlike the aluminum back of the iPhone 2G, the 3G back is made of polycarbonate plastic, while the keys have been changed from plastic to metal, while for the first time it introduced two color options for the 16 GB version: white and black. An important innovation of the 3G operating system was the presentation of the App Store, Apple’s digital distribution platform, which allows users to “download” applications, developed with the company’s development software kit, by third party creators. The device managed to sell 1 million pieces in its first, already weekend release, while unlike the previous one, it was officially released in the Greek market.
- iPhone 3Gs
The third-generation iPhone, the 3GS, was unveiled in June 2009 at San Francisco’s WWDC 2009. Initially, it was launched as a 3G S, with the letter S referring to Speed due to its improved performance. In addition to the faster processor (Apple A6 at 600 MHz), the 3GS had DRAM 256 MB memory, a 3.15 MP camera with better resolution (3 Megapixels) and video capability, while the operating system was iOS 3 (latest upgrade to iOS 6). ). It was released in 8, 16 and 32 GB versions, in white and black, while the sensors it carried included the digital compass, the acceleration and proximity meter. The LCD screen, designed by Apple and developed by LG, was 3.5 inches, with richer colors than its predecessors. Just like the previous models, all the data was stored in the internal flash memory and not in the mini-SIM card. An exclusive feature of this particular model was the Voice Cotrol, which allowed the user, via the Home button, to control their phone and stored music using the voice. Another exclusive feature was Text Zoom, which allowed the user to zoom in on a text on the screen. The device was also released in Greece.
- iPhone 4
The successor to the 3GS, the iPhone 4, was unveiled on June 7, 2010 and launched on the 24th of the same month. This model brought a new design to the iPhone family, with Steve Jobs describing it as the thinnest smartphone in the world at the time. The frame of the device was made of stainless steel, while the iPhone 4 first introduced the high-resolution Retina display, which had the same physical dimensions as its predecessors, but supported 326 pixels per inch, in pixel density. In addition, the phone introduced the system-on-a-chip A4, with an ARM Cortex-A8 processor that was upgraded and clocked at 800 Mhz. The storage space remained the same in 16 GB and 32 GB versions, while the amount of RAM was increased to 512 MB. The iPhone 4 also introduced FaceTime, which allowed video chatting between users, and had a 0.3 MP front camera (the rear upgraded to 5 MP, with LED flash). The operating system was iOS 4 (with the latest upgrade to iOS 7.1.2). The device was enthusiastically received, with pre-orders reaching 600,000 in its first 24 hours of release, breaking all previous records for any Apple device up to that point.
- iPhone 4s
A special version of the iPhone family is the 4S, and the reason is specific, as one day after its official presentation (October 4, 2011), Apple CEO Steve Jobs passed away. Pre-orders began to be placed on October 7 of the same year and exceeded 1 million in the first 24 hours and exceeded 4 million in the first 4 days of retail. The letter “S” added to the phone’s title (4S) came from Siri, an exclusive “smart” personal assistant to the device, which was later integrated into other Apple mobile devices. The iPhone 4S, which has been described as “the most exciting iPhone to date”, retains the key features of the iPhone 4, but has hosted significant internal improvements, such as the Apple A5 chipset, the 8 MP rear camera with 1080p video recording , while making its debut with iOS 5, which introduced a number of new features such as iCloud, iMessage and Reminders. The 4S was also the latest phone in the iPhone family, bringing the original 30-pin connector, which was replaced in the next versions by the 8-pins digital Lighting socket. Compared to the previous ones, the iPhone 4S was released, for the first time, in a 64 GB version.
- iPhone 5
The sixth generation of the flagship smartphone was presented at a press conference on September 12, 2012 and was released on the 21st of the same month. This was the first phone in the series to be announced in September and set the trend for future generations. It was also the first iPhone to be developed under the watchful eye of Apple’s new CEO, Tim Cook, and the last to be overseen by Steve Jobs before he passed away. The iPhone 5 showed significant design changes compared to its predecessors, as it had an aluminum-based frame, which was thinner (7.6 mm) and lighter (112 grams) than previous models, had a larger Retina display (4). inches), introduced the Apple A6 system-on-chip and the 8 pins Lighting connection socket. In addition, it had built-in (like the 4S), the 8MP rear camera with Face Recognition, developed by Sony, and an improved 1.2 MP front-facing camera with video support. The basic operating system was iOS 6, with the latest iOS 10.3.3 upgrade. Pre-orders for the device began on September 14, surpassed 2 million in 24 hours and, of course, were more than Apple could afford as a supplier at the time!
- iPhone 5S- 5C
The device that replaced the iPhone 5, the iPhone 5S, was unveiled on September 10, 2013 at Apple’s headquarters in Cupertino. It was released on the 20th of the same month, along with its low-cost “little brother”, the iPhone 5C. The exterior design is almost the same as the iPhone 5, although the new model was also released in white / gold color versions, in combination with the white / silver and space gray / black of the predecessor. Where the 5S differed significantly was in internal functions and hardware, with the main one finding application in the A7 dual-core processor, the first 64-bit processor to find an application in a smartphone and included the M7 co-processor, which worked for the collection. data related to the device’s sensors. In addition, the Home button, which supported Touch ID, was redesigned with a fingerprint recognition system for unlocking. The iPhone 5S was released with iOS 7 (the latest update to iOS 12.1), which had deeper colors than a different design from previous operating systems, and brought a number of new features, such as the Wi-fi platform for sharing AirDrop files. , the Control Center (a control panel that incorporates shared functions) and the iTunes Radio internet service. In addition, the device was released with EarPods headphones. Simultaneously with the 5S, the 5C was introduced and released on the market, which essentially replaced the iPhone 5. Its features did not differ in many respects from those of the iPhone 5, while it was released with iOS 7. The 5C stood out because it was released in several color variations, while the iPhone 5’s aluminum was replaced by a hard polycarbonate case.
- iPhone 6- 6 plus
The eighth generation of the iPhone, the iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus, was announced on September 9, 2014 and released a few days later, on September 19. The family’s new phones included larger 4.7-inch and 5.5-inch Retina HD screens, faster processor, improved cameras and better wi-fi connectivity, respectively. The devices incorporated an Apple A8 1.4 GHz dual core processor with a Motion M8 processor and were released with iOS 8.0 in versions 16, 64 and 128 GB and iOSA 10.2.1 with the 32 GB version. In terms of design, the plastic lines on the back of the devices (“showing” the position of the antenna) stood out, which were inserted into the rest of the metal housing. The pre-orders for the two phones exceeded 4 million in the first 24 hours, more than 10 million were sold in the first 3 days, while during their lifetime, they sold more than 220 million, in total, numbers that made them the top iPhone devices until today. Of course, it is worth noting that, despite the positive reception, the two phones caused skepticism, as they bent when they were under pressure (eg in a pocket). Both phones were made of 7000 series aluminum and the lack of rigidity made it possible for the touchscreen to be disconnected from the device’s main board. This malfunction became known in the media as Touch Disease.
- iPhone 6S- 6S Plus
The two new Apple mobile devices were announced on September 9, 2015, the pre-orders started on September 12 and their official release on the 25th of the same month. Both phones had a common design with their predecessors, but differed in hardware features, such as the upgraded system-on-chip (Apple A9 with 1.85 GHz dual-core 64-bit processor, 2 GB RAM and 16.32, 64 versions and 128 GB. The camera was also upgraded to 12 MP, while fingerprint recognition also brought improvements. The new iPhone series also brought a new hardware feature, 3D Touch, which features shortcuts for device applications when applied more Pressure on the screen. Something like the “right click” that each of us has applied to a computer! The new versions of the iPhone also introduced a new color combination, that of Rose Gold, while Apple tried to “answer” on the “bendgate” theme created with the previous devices, improving the chassis resistance, which was made of a stronger 7000 series aluminum alloy. The devices were released with the iOS 9.0 operating system. Finally, the iPhone 6S set a new record in the history of the series, with sales of 13 million devices in the first weekend of release.
- iPhone SE
The iPhone SE (Special Edition) was the 10th generation in the iPhone series, announced on March 21, 2016 at the Apple Campus, pre-orders opened on March 24 and the official release was on March 31. The device was re-launched a year later, with greater storage capabilities. The iPhone SE shares the same design and dimensions as the iPhone 5S (Apple decided to slightly reduce the size, based on consumer research results), but had upgraded internal hardware, such as the newer Apple A9 system-on-chip, greater battery life and a 12 MP rear camera, which supported 4K video recording. Apple never announced a successor to the model, and Business Insider hailed the decision as “wrong”, stressing that the company was “ignoring a significant portion of its customers who were worried about losing the smallest design of the smartphone.” It is characteristic that the size of the SE screen reached 4 inches with a total dimensions of 123.8X58.6X7.6 mm and a weight of 113 grams. The device “ran” on iOS 9.3, but its screen did not support 3D Touch technology, which was integrated into the 6S and 6S Plus versions.
- iPhone 7 – 7 Plus
The two new “kids” of the big iPhone family were presented by Apple CEO Tim Cook on September 7 and released on the 16th of the same month. Their design is similar to that of the iPhone 6S, however it presents new color combinations (matte black and jet black), water and dust resistance, a new static Home button, while moving the 3.5 mm headphone jack. The device’s internal hardware has also received some upgrades, mainly to the system-on-chip (Apple A10 Fusion), which supports improved system performance (CPU 2.34 GHz quad-core) and graphics. The rear, dual 12 MP camera has also been improved, with optical image stabilization and an additional long focus lens on the iPhone 7 Plus. The reception of these models evoked mixed feelings. Initially, the improvements to the camera made a positive impression, but on the other hand, the removal of the 3.5 mm headphone jack was considered controversial, as it was claimed that in this way Apple wanted to enhance the sales of its own wireless headphones. It is worth noting that the company did not provide data on sales of the mentioned models.
- iPhone 8- 8 Plus
The models that followed the iPhone 7 and 7 Plus were introduced on September 12, 2017, like the 11th generation iPhone, along with the iPhone X. Unlike the glass back, the design of the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus is not much different from this of predecessors. Some of the major changes include the addition of wireless charging, the faster processor (2.39 GHz hexa-core 64-bit in Apple A11 Bionic system-on-chip) and improved cameras, both at the back (12 MP with 6-element lens and a number of additional features), as well as the front (7 MP with face recognition). It is noted that on April 9, 2018, Apple presented the iPhone 8 in red and black, thus supporting its cooperation with the anti-AIDS program, Product Red. In addition, it is worth mentioning that at the end of August 2018, Apple announced that a “very small percentage” of iPhone 8 devices, released between September 2017 and March 2018, had a malfunction on their board, resulting in unexpected reboots, ” screen freeze or failure to open. This malfunction did not appear on the iPhone 8 Plus.
- iPhone X
The iPhone X was introduced along with the 8 and 8 Plus, and was released on November 3, 2017, marking the tenth anniversary of the iPhone series. With this device, Apple tried to pass on to the next generation of technology, adopting for the first time in the history of the smartphone the OLED technology on the screen, using glass and stainless steel, offering wireless charging and removing the Home button, in the context of introducing a new bezel-less design. In addition, it introduced a new type of password recognition, Face ID, which uses advanced technologies to scan the user’s face and unlock the device. At the time of its release, in November 2017, the $ 999 price tag made it the most expensive iPhone ever, with local prices rising even more due to taxes. The device has received mixed reviews (positive reviews for the screen, cameras and build quality and negatively for the notch at the top of the screen), while the fact that its presence on store shelves lasted a little over 10 months, made it Apple’s flagship device with the shortest term in iPhone history.
- iPhone XR
The 12th generation iPhone, the iPhone XR was announced by Tim Cook on September 12, 2018, along with its more expensive “siblings”, iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max. Pre-orders started on October 19 and the official release was on the 26th of the same month. The phone has a 6.1-inch LCD screen and is the most economical version in the X series (849 euros in Eurozone countries). It has the same processor as the other two devices, the Apple A12 Bionic chip, which Apple describes as the smartest and most powerful chip ever built into a smartphone. It is available in six colors (blue, white, black, yellow, coral and Product Red), and is the second device in the “family” to be released in yellow and blue, after the iPhone C. In addition, the XR (like the XS and XS Max) are the first iPhones to support dual sim operation, with a nano-SIM and an eSIM (digital SIM that allows the user to activate a call program without the need to use an additional nano-SIM). The device has 3 GB of RAM and is available in 64, 128 and 256 GB versions. In addition, its screen is known as Liquid Retina (instead of OLED screens on other phones in the X series. The XR comes with iOS 12.
- iPhone XS – XS Max
The successors of the X series were introduced, along with the iPhone XR, on September 12 2018 by Tim Cook in Cupertino, pre-orders began on September 14 and the official release was on September 21. The XS Max is the first plus-sized iPhone version (157.5X77.4X7.7 mm and 6.5-inch screen) in the new bezel-less form that Apple has introduced. In terms of design, the XS looks similar to the X, but has improved hardware features, with the A12 Bionic chip standing out. In addition. It has a 5.85-inch OLED display and includes a 12 MP dual camera on the back and a 7 MP camera on the front. With the exception of the larger screen and battery (3,174 mAh), the XS Max includes common hardware and cameras. According to Apple, Face ID technology is running faster than previous devices, and based on the specifications, they can withstand water to a maximum depth of 2 meters. In addition, unlike the XR, the XS and XS Max have optical zoom and support the same dual SIM function as the iPhone X. Meanwhile, a charging problem reported by users when the phone was inactive was repaired by Apple with upgraded iOS 12.1.
- iPhone 11
A new dual camera system designed to expand your photographic horizons. The fastest chip ever on a smartphone. A battery that lasts all day to do more than you love, charging less. And the highest possible video quality on a smartphone, to enjoy your experiences better than ever. New superconducting camera. Expand your horizons. The new superconducting lens captures four times larger shots. Shooting in low light ceases to be necessarily dark. The new Night mode automatically activates to take unique low-light photos. No flash required. Now the colors are more natural and the photos are brighter. Night operation: off. Slofie: a selfie in slow motion. At 120 fps, everything looks completely cooler, even if you just say “cheese”, greet with enthusiasm or let the air blow your hair. Thanks to the new TrueDepth 12 MP camera, even selfies take up more space. The iPhone 11 is water resistant to a depth of up to 2 meters for up to 30 minutes, which is twice as deep as the iPhone XR. It is the most popular iphone for the year.
- iPhone 11 pro – 11 pro max
A versatile triple camera system that adds, without complexity, endless possibilities. An unprecedented increase in battery life. And a unique chip that enhances mechanical learning and sets new limits on what a smartphone can do. This new powerful iPhone deserves, in every way, to be called Pro. Expanded field of view. The iPhone 11 Pro’s cameras allow you to go from the telephoto lens to the superconducting, thus providing you with an expanded 4x optical zoom. Very impressive. Elegant, exciting work environment. We used the wider field of view to show you what’s going on outside the picture frame. If you like what you see, you touch the screen to capture it. So simple. Now, almost nothing is inserted between you and your subject, only the new Pro camera. So the stage always absorbs you completely. The Super Retina XDR screen has not one, but two new levels of brightness that surpass any previous, while understanding when you need to use them. It delivers up to 800 nit when you are out in the sun
Extra info: According to rumors next iphone, iphone 12(most probably) will release in autumn maybe a lite bit later than the usual due to Covid-19. Regarding the designed a lot of people saying that it will be with four lenses on the rear.
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