Executive Education

Women’s Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) In The United States Since 1990

As of 2018, nearly 6 in 10 women aged 16 and older (57.1 percent) worked outside the home, compared with 33.9% in 1950 and 43.3% in 1970. To determine female labor force participation rate in the United States from 1990 to 2018, CEOWORLD magazine used data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics; 1990 to 2018; aged 16 and older.

The data below shows the unadjusted female labor force participation rate from 1990 to 2018. In 2018, about 57.1% of the female labor force, participated in the job market.

The labor force participation rate (LFPR) refers to the number of people available for work as a percentage of the total population.

Labor force participation rate (LFPR) = Labor Force / Civilian Non-Institutionalized Population

Where the Labor Force = the number of people available for work (Employed + Unemployed)

Where the Civilian Non-Institutionalized Population = everyone living in the U.S. who is 16 or older minus those on active duty in the Armed Forces and minus inmates of institutions such as prisons, nursing homes, and mental hospitals.

Women’s Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) In The United States Since 1990:

  • 2018: 57.1%
  • 2017: 57%
  • 2016: 56.8%
  • 2015: 56.7%
  • 2014: 57%
  • 2013: 57.2%
  • 2012: 57.7%
  • 2011: 58.1%
  • 2010: 58.6%
  • 2009: 59.2%
  • 2008: 59.5%
  • 2007: 59.3%
  • 2006: 59.4%
  • 2005: 59.3%
  • 2004: 59.2%
  • 2003: 59.5%
  • 2002: 59.6%
  • 2001: 59.8%
  • 2000: 59.9%
  • 1999: 60%
  • 1998: 59.8%
  • 1997: 59.8%
  • 1996: 59.3%
  • 1995: 58.9%
  • 1994: 58.8%
  • 1993: 57.9%
  • 1992: 57.8%
  • 1991: 57.4%
  • 1990: 57.5%

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Prof. Dr. Amarendra Bhushan Dhiraj
Prof. Dr. Amarendra Bhushan Dhiraj is a media and technology executive, macro-economist, strategic thinker, chair, and chief executive officer of the CEOWORLD magazine, one of the world’s most influential and recognized global news publications. Under Dr. Amarendra's leadership, CEOWORLD magazine has become the world's most iconic news organization, whose rigorous reporting and unsurpassed storytelling connect with millions of business leaders daily. Additionally, he serves as the chair and founding member of the CEOWORLD magazine’s Inclusion Advisory Board.

In his current role, he counsels and collaborates with c-suite executives of large multinational corporations, helping them drive change in their companies to improve their competitiveness. Dr. Amarendra has extensive experience in serving on numerous boards. He leads and supports a globally dispersed team of columnists, correspondents, editors, journalists, reporters, researchers, and industry analysts.

He received his Ph.D. in Finance and Banking from the European Global School, Paris, France. He also received his Doctoral Degree in Chartered Accountancy from the European International University Paris, France, and a Doctorate in Business Administration from Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design (KNUTD), Ukraine. He earned his Master of Business Administration degree in Finance and his master’s degree in Chartered Accountancy (CA) from European Global School Paris. Dr. Amarendra also holds a Master of Business Administration degree in International Relations and Affairs from the American University of Athens, Alabama, United States.

As CEO, he transformed the CEOWORLD magazine into a highly efficient, digital-first, profitable enterprise. Today, CEOWORLD magazine is a standard bearer for modern responsible journalism. Dr. Amarendra retains a strong desire to continuously improve his skills and abilities and believes that the first step to being a true leader is to inspire others to lead with you.


Prof. Dr. Amarendra Bhushan Dhiraj is the CHAIR, CEO, AND EDITORIAL DIRECTOR of the CEOWORLD magazine. Connect with him through LinkedIn.