A President, as the name suggests, is the one who presides. She/he, the head of the State, has the most power in his hands. It is in his hands to use it for good or for worse. Here is a list of the ten greatest Presidents in history whom the world remembers and salutes. They came, they saw and they conquered the hearts of millions.
ABRAHAM LINCOLN (FEBRUARY 12, 1809 – APRIL 15, 1865)
The (assassinated) 16th President of the United States is considered one of the greatest Presidents in the History of the World. He is most recalled for abolishing slavery and saving the country during the American Civil War. This self-educated man was elected President in 1860. He was a great orator and his Gettysburg Address of 1863 is the most quoted speech in American history. Even a book can fall short of praising this great man who bravely suffered attack for his reforms from all sides and continued in his quest for unification and modernization.
FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT (JANUARY 30, 1882 – APRIL 12, 1945)
The 32nd President of the United States is the sole American President to be elected for more than two terms. He brought a big bag of optimism and positivity in America during the times of economic crisis and world war. He led America to victory in WWII leading the Allies against Germany and Japan. He fought paralytic illness and used diplomacy and wisdom to reorganize American politics and economy. He is proclaimed as one of the top three U.S. Presidents.
GEORGE WASHINGTON (FEBRUARY 22, 1732 – DECEMBER 14, 1799)
The first President of the United States created a strong government by first leading the victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary war (1775-1783) and later building a nation on Republican lines. Tagged as the “Father of his Country”, this great President used ardent measures and ways to curb rebellion and unify the Americans. On his death, he was hailed as “first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen.”
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS (JULY 11, 1767 – FEBRUARY 23, 1848)
The 6th President of the United Sates was one of the greatest diplomats in American history. Son of former President John Adams, he modernized American economy by promoting education. He gave a whole new dimension to America’s foreign policy and gave way to new innovations and technology. He was against slavery and an opponent of the Slave Power.
THOMAS JEFFERSON (APRIL 13, 1743 – JULY 4, 1826)
The 3rd President of the United States, he was an influential Founding Father of America. He was the co-author of the United States Declaration of Independence (1776). He allowed slavery in his acquired territories and that can be called a major mistake (!). He was a racist, like many at that time, and owned plantations and slaves. He was deeply philosophical and influential. Though much deviated from our ideal image of a President, he continues to be regarded as one of the greatest Presidents.
THEODORE “TEDDY” ROOSEVELT (OCTOBER 27, 1858 – JANUARY 6, 1919)
The 26th (youngest) President of the United States was a great politician and a genius at almost everything. Home-schooled, he was a lover of nature. He was the first American to win the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating an end to the Russo-Japanese War. His slogan was “Speak softly and carry a big stick.” He led to the completion of the Panama Canal and dispatching of the Great White Fleet. He was well-loved by all.
JAMES KNOX POLK (NOVEMBER 2, 1795 – JUNE 15, 1849)
The 11th President of the United States was the 17th Speaker of the House of Representatives (1835-1839) and the 12th Governor of Tennessee (1839-1841). He is generally called the “dark horse” for the Democratic Party. He led America to victory in the Mexican-American War and secured much of Southwest America. He also made important foreign policies and issued the first postage stamps in the United States. He is also known as the “least known consequential President” of the United States.
ANDREW JACKSON (MARCH 15, 1767 – JUNE 8, 1845)
The 7th President of the United States is mighty popular. His rule from 1830-1850 is known as the era of Jacksonian democracy. Popularly called “Old Hickory” for his aggressiveness, he was a rich slaveholder. He defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814) and the British at the Battle of New Orleans (1815). He was against the National Bank and almost made it collapse. He had the good of promoting individuality of his citizens but the bad of supporting slavery and forced Indian removal.
THOMAS WOODROW WILSON (DECEMBER 28, 1856 – FEBRUARY 3, 1924)
The 28th President of the United States, a Democrat, was a leader of the Progressive Movement. In his first term he brought major progressive reforms like the Federal Trade Commission Act and the Federal Farm Loan Act. He also supported the feminists and much of his agenda laid the basis for the New Deal. His second term focused on American entry into World War I. His re-election slogan was “He kept us out of war.” Later during war years; he was diplomatic, promoted labor union and suppressed anti-war movements.
DWIGHT DAVID “IKE” EISENHOWER (OCTOBER 14, 1890 – MARCH 28, 1969)
The 34th President of the United States, a Republican, worked against “Communism, Korea and corruption.” He ended the Korean War by negotiating with China and adopted a policy of nuclear deterrence. He began NASA to pressurize Soviet Union. He protected voters’ right and made important appointments to the Supreme Court. Although, his term of power was small, he proved to be one of the most accomplished Presidents.
By, Shreya Gupta, New Delhi based research associate for CEOWORLD Magazine, with strong attention to detail, organizational skills and capable of working in a fast-paced environment.